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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The board recommends that authors familiarize themselves with the content of the journal by carefully reading the Call for Papers and the "About" section.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Title page with full title and subtitle (if any). For the purposes of blind refereeing, full name of each author with current affiliation and full address/phone/email/ORCID details plus short biographical note (max. 150 words) should be supplied on a separate sheet.
  • Abstract of 100-150 words.
  • 5-8 Keywords.
  • Word count: Manuscripts should be min. 5.000 words and max. 9.000 words (not including bibliography) and written in English.

Language editing is the responsibility of the authors.

Each manuscript should contain:

1. Title page with full title and subtitle (if any). For the purposes of blind refereeing, full name of each author with current affiliation and full address/phone/email details plus short biographical note (max. 150 words) should be supplied on a separate sheet. Any reference to the author's previous work must be written in the third person.

2. Abstract of 100-150 words.

3. 5-8 Keywords.

4. Word count: Manuscripts should be min. 5.000 words and max. 9.000 words (not including bibliography) and written in English.

Style Sheet

1. Format: Manuscripts should be submitted in Word style file document.

2. Font, margins and spacing: All manuscripts must be in Times New Roman font, number 12, with standard margins and 1.5 spacing throughout (extensive quotes included).

3. Title: aligned to the left, initial capitals, bold, followed by a blank line.

4. Author: aligned to the left, bold characters, followed by a blank line.

5. Epigraph or opening quotation (if there is one): aligned to the right, followed by a blank line.

6. Section  headings (if the article is divided in parts): unnumbered, aligned to the left, not indented, bold characters, preceded but not followed by a blank line.

7. Normal paragraph: justified, indentation: left: 0 cm, right: 0 cm, first line: 0,7 cm.

8. Block quotations (with more than three lines): separated from the main text by a blank line, left: 1 cm from the main text, right: 0 cm.

9. Adding or omitting words in quotations: If you add a word or words in a quotation, you should put brackets around the words to indicate that they are not part of the original text. If you omit a word or words in a quotation, you should indicate the deleted word or words by using ellipsis marks, which are three periods […] preceded and followed by a hard bracket.

10. Quotation marks and parenthesis: Use “ ” instead of « », and (…) instead of […].

11. Translating quotes: You are allowed to quote in the original language without translating if that language is either English, French, Portuguese or German. If not, you are allowed either to use only translations or to use original language with the translation in a footnote. You are allowed to provide your own translations or use existing translations, provided that you refer to them properly.

12. Use footnotes, 10-point type, single spacing.

13. All commas and periods go after quotation marks, whether singular or double. Colons and semicolons go outside quotation marks.

14. Superscript for footnotes should come BEFORE the period or comma, colons or semicolons.

15. Capitalization of titles: Please follow standard U.S.A. capitalization practices, being sure to capitalize the first word of the subtitle after a colon (Example: The Psychic Life of Power: Theories in Subjection).

16. Illustrations: all images are termed "Figures" and should be referred to as such in the manuscript. Images should be embedded in the Word document AND provided separately, on a JPEG file at high resolution (at least 300 dpi). They should be numbered consecutively and have short descriptive captions. Place illustrations (figures, drawings, tables, and photographs) throughout the paper at the places where they are first discussed, rather than at the end of the paper. Leave a margin of 0.5 cm around the area covered by the illustration and caption. Use 10-point type for captions, labels, and other text in illustrations.

17. Special Sections: you may include an unnumbered acknowledgements section at the end of the paper, before references, including acknowledgments of help from colleagues, financial support, and permission to publish.

References

1. Manuscript formatting guide: In both the text and footnotes, you should follow Modern Language Association Format and Style Guide (8th edition).

2. Authors are responsible for obtaining permissions from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.

Review Process

1. After the author reviews and concludes the submission, the manuscript is reviewed by Diffractions' editorial board for an initial quality check to ensure that it meets the journal's requirements. The board may also determine that initial revisions must be made before sending the manuscript to peer review. The board decides whether the submission meets the journal standards, and at their discretion will choose appropriate reviewers.

2. Diffractions employes a double-blind peer review process in which neither the author nor the reviewer knows the other's identity. The comments by the reviewers are important in the editorial decision process, but a positive evaluation does not guarantee a decision to publish.

3. The board takes into account the evaluations of the peer reviewers among other considerations to decide whether to 1) accept; 2) accept with contingencies; 3) send back to revise and resubmit; or, 4) reject. In cases 2) and 3), it is possible that the manuscript will return to reviewers after revisions. 

4. The board makes the final decision on the submission and stress that "publishable" manuscripts may be rejected for different reasons that do not necessarily reflect the merit of the piece.

5. The board strives to process manuscripts quickly and efficiently, but due to a handful of factors, the time to decision can vary.